Data Protection act, Switzerland
e) personal data processed by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Article 3 Definitions
The expressions below shall be defined as follows:a) personal data: all information relating to an identified or identifiable person, b) persons affected: the physical or legal persons about whom data is processed, c) sensitive personal data: data relating to:
1. religious, philosophical, political or trade union-related opinions or activities,
2. health, sexuality or racial origin,
3. social security files,
4. criminal or administrative proceedings and penalties;d) personal profile: a collection of data that allows the appraisal of fundamental characteristics of the personality of a natural person; e) processing: any operations relating to personal data, irrespective of the equipment and procedures used, and in particular the collection, storage, use, modification, communication, archiving or the destruction of data; f) disclosure: rendering data accessible, for example by allowing access to data by either transferring, distributing, or publishing the data; g) file: a collection of personal data whose structure facilitates a search for data on a particular individual; h) Federal authority: the authorities or departments of the Swiss Confederation as well as any persons working for the Swiss Confederation; j) file controller: the private persons or Federal authorities who decide on the purpose and the content of the file; k) law, in the formal sense:
1. Federal acts and generally binding federal decrees subject to referendum
2. resolutions of international organisations that are binding on Switzerland and international law treaties that have been ratified by the Federal Assembly and that have legislative content.
Article 4 Principles
1 All processing of personal data must be undertaken in a lawful manner.
2 Processing must be conducted in good faith and must not be excessive.
3 Personal data may only be processed for the purpose either for which it was collected, or which is evident from the circumstances, or which is provided for by the law.
Article 5 Data accuracy
Whoever processes personal data must ensure that the information is correct. Any persons affected can request the rectification of inaccurate data.
Article 6 Transborder data flows
1 No personal data may be transferred abroad if the personal privacy of the persons affected could be seriously endangered, and in particular in cases where there is a failure to provide protection equivalent to that provided under Swiss law.
2 Whoever wishes to transmit data abroad must notify the Federal Data Protection Commissioner beforehand in cases where:
a) there is no legal obligation to disclose the data and
b) the persons affected have no knowledge of the transmission.
3 The Federal Council shall regulate the notification procedure in detail. It may provide for a simplified notification procedure or exemptions from the duty to notify in the event that the processing does not endanger the privacy of the persons affected.
Article 7 Data security
1 Personal data must be protected against unauthorised processing by appropriate organisational and technical means.
2 The Federal Council shall enact more detailed provisions on the minimum data security measures.
Article 8 Right of information
1 Anyone may ask a file controller if data stored relating to him is being processed.
2 The file controller must provide information on:
a) all data relating to the individual that is contained in the file;
b) the purpose and if necessary the legal basis for the processing, the categories of processed data, the individuals involved in processing the file, and the individuals designated to receive the file.
3 The file controller may disclose data relating to the health of an affected person to that person via a doctor designated by the person.
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