Database Disaster management Plan
India is vulnerable to natural and manmade disasters. All disasters are spatial in nature. GIS techniques act as a decision support tool. Decision making can possible by analysis of different GIS layers. Currently socio-economic and geo-spatial data is useful for management and planning of disasters as well as tackling of disastrous condition. Various departments and agencies who are stakeholders using GIS in the disaster management process. GIS, RS & GPS is useful in disaster management applications & for decision making. Evolution of computer technology and availability of hardware is helpful for rapid expansion of GIS in both disaster research and practice.
GIS is useful for hazard zone mapping and during emergency conditions mitigation of people can easily possible using this maps. GIS and RS much beneficial in mitigation strategies and preparedness plans. Real time geographic data can improve the allocation of resources for response. GIS technologies is much useful in modeling of disaster risks and human adaptations to hazards. It is also provides decision support system in disaster management.
Disaster Management System:
- Mitigation: Emergency is the discipline of dealing with and avoiding risks. It is a discipline that involves, steps taken to contain or reduce the effects of an anticipated or already occurred disastrous event.
- Preparedness: It is how we change behavior to limit the impact of disaster events on people.
- Response: An effective plan for public health and other personnel during a disaster would outline activities designed to minimize the effects of the catastrophe. These efforts can be summarized as closely situation analysis and response.
- Disaster Recovery: The aim of the recovery phase is to restore the affected area to its previous state. Recovery efforts are concerned with issues and decisions that must be made after immediate needs are addressed.
Disaster Management is done by following steps:
- Planning and Analysis
- Situational Awareness
- Data Management
- Field Operations
Planning and Analysis:
GIS is the most complete information system for modeling, analyzing spatial data and displaying community vulnerability. When we identify hazard locations with critical infrastructure. Processed GIS Models can be useful for determination of event impact and necessary mitigation requirement. Preparedness is important when disastrous event occurs. On analysis of risk and hazards is beneficial in Emergency management program
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